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Treating Periodontal Disease

Periodontitis

Periodontitis

 

An experienced dentist, Dr. Robert Madden treats patients with periodontal disease and other oral health problems at Southwest Family Dentistry, located about 20 minutes from Denver, Colorado. Before establishing his private practice, Dr. Robert Madden earned his DDS from the University of Nebraska. Years later, he graduated with an MBA from the University of Colorado.

Periodontal disease, also known as “periodontitis” or “gum disease,” develops when colonies of bacteria establish themselves in the mouth, resulting in tissue damage over time. It can get serious enough to cause tooth loss. Before patients progress to full-blown periodontitis, they may exhibit gingivitis, a condition characterized by inflammation of the gums.

Sometimes, surgical care is necessary to address periodontitis properly. However, in other cases, dentists can take a more conservative, non-surgical approach: scaling and root planing. The procedure rids the teeth’s root surfaces of plaque and tartar buildup. Dentists may follow up with additional therapy, such as the administration of antibiotics, if indicated.

Periodontal Disease and Its Treatments

An experienced dentist and fellow of the American College of Dentists, Robert Madden, DDS, MBA, operates Southwest Family Dentistry in Littleton, Colorado, near Denver, where he offers numerous treatments for periodontal disease. For detailed information about the periodontal treatments offered by Dr. Robert Madden, visit www.southwestfamilydentistry.com.

Periodontal, or gum, disease results when bacteria produce a colorless film called plaque on the teeth. If plaque is not effectively removed by brushing or flossing, it may eventually form tartar, a harder substance that can only be removed by a dental professional. If plaque and tartar remain on the teeth, they can lead to gum disease. Gum disease includes gingivitis, a mild form, as well as periodontitis, a more advanced, harmful condition that can cause serious damage to the tissues and bones that support the teeth. Symptoms of gum disease include continuous bad breath; swollen, tender, or bleeding gums; receding gums; painful chewing; and sensitive or loose teeth.

The nonsurgical treatment options for periodontal disease include scaling and root planing, deep-cleaning procedures that remove plaque and tartar from the root surfaces while helping smooth the root by eliminating bacteria. Dentists may also recommend medication or prescription mouthwashes after cleaning.

For more serious problems, surgical treatments may be utilized. During pocket reduction or flap surgery, the gums are drawn back and tartar is removed. The gums are then sutured securely around the tooth to help reduce pockets where bacteria may flourish. Dentists may also use bone or tissue grafts to help regenerate bone or tissue that has been lost to gum disease.